A fabric is a material made through knitting, weaving, or crocheting and commonly used for clothing, home decor, and accessories. On the other hand, a textile is a material composed of interwoven fibers and usually produced using circular machines. Weaving comes in different forms including plain weave, twill weave, satin weave, jacquard weave, pile weave, dobby weave, and speciality weave.
One of the most commonly used and straightforward weaves is the plain weave. In this weave, one warp yarn goes over the first weft yarn and under the next, while the adjacent warp yarn goes under the first weft yarn and over the next. The plain weave has more interlacing or crossing points compared to other fundamental weaves, resulting in stiffer textiles with less drape. The durable fabric ensures minimal skew, seam slippage, picking, and snagging issues. Chambray, broadcloth, canvas, and sheeting are examples of common plain weave fabrics.
Various yarns, such as cotton, polyester, high-stretch, polyester-spun, spandex-covered, and polyester-dope-colored yarns, are utilized in fabric production.