All gloves start as either synthetic or natural fibers that undergo the process of combing, melting, or manufacturing into yarns.
The yarn spinning machine merges several yarns into a spool, with the manufacturer selecting materials for the spoolization process.Yarn components are then wound onto spools, which are employed in a machine for twisting and knitting the gloves. The gloves are created with yarn made from a blend or a range of textile fibers. Performance, hand feel, comfort, flexibility, cost, thickness, and cut resistance are all determined by the way the yarns are knitted together.
A seamless glove can be described as either “13-gauge” or “18-gauge,” depending on the size and type of needles used in the seamless knitting machine that produced it. A lower gauge indicates a larger and less nimble glove. In the past, a glove’s gauge determined its thickness, dexterity, and comfort based on the yarn used.
Cotton, recycled cotton, rubber-coated, spandex-coated, and polyester DTY yarns are commonly used in manufacturing. For example, a blend of smooth thermoplastic nylon polymers and synthetic fiber Lycra, known for its elasticity, creates spandex-covered yarn. This blend provides gloves with flexibility, mobility, and high abrasion resistance.